Obese young adults at high risk of kidney disease: Study

ISLAMABAD: Many young adults with abdominal obesity are at a heightened risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), yet majority are unaware of the risk, suggests new research.


Abdominal obesity also known as central obesity is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health.

The findings showed that 11 percent of obese have albuminuria elevated levels of the protein albumin in the urine which signals that the kidneys are not functioning normally and that a person faces a heightened risk for developing CKD a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time, said the study published in the journal PLOS ONE.

“In this study we wanted to evaluate whether obesity is associated with CKD even in an otherwise healthy young adult population and to identify risk factors that may promote this association,” said Harini Sarathy, clinical and research fellow at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) in the US.

For the study, the team analysed health data on 6,918 non-pregnant adults ages 20 to 40.

The data was gathered between 1999 and 2010 by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) a programme designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the US.

“Even though chronic kidney disease typically manifests in older people, the disease can start much earlier but often is not recognised early on,” said led researcher Michal L. Melamed, associate professor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the US.