ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has been able to witness decline in population growth rate to 1.89 in 2016 as compared to 1.92 in 2015 and 1.95 in 2014.
A persistent improvement in health and education indicators along with effective population welfare programmes are key factors for achieving this success, said Pakistan Economic Survey released here on Thursday.
It said the Crude Birth Rate (CBR) and Crude Death Rate (CDR) are important demographic indicators which are used to measure the growth and decline of the population.
In Pakistan CBR has been marginally improved from 26.4 per thousands in 2014 to 25.6 per thousand in 2016 while the crude death rate has declined from 6.90 per thousand in 2014 to 6.70 per thousand in 2016.
The average life of individuals increases due to healthcare improvements like the introduction of vaccines, the development of drugs or positive behavior changes like the reduction in smoking, improvement in nutrition, hygiene and medical care.
In Pakistan, average life for both male and female has improved on account of governments’ efforts to handle health issues effectively.
The average life expectancy of males has increased from 64.9 year in 2014 65.2 in 2015 and reached to 65.5 years in 2016 whereas female’s life expectancy rate also improved from 66.9 years in 2014 and reached to 67.7 years in 2016.