Liaquat Ali Khan’s objectives: Tracing Pakistan’s origin

By: | Muhammad Ali Azlan |



Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan widely known as Quaid-e-Millat (Leader of the Nation) and Shaheed-e-Millat‬‎ (Martyr of the Nation), was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan, statesman, lawyer, and political theorist who became and served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan; in addition, he also held cabinet portfolio as the first foreign, defence, and the frontier regions minister from 1947 until his assassination in 1951. Prior to his assassination, Khan briefly tenured as the first finance minister in the interim government led by its Governor General Mountbatten

Born into an influential aristocratic Muslim family in Karnal, Eastern Punjab on 1 October 1895. Ali Khan was educated at the Aligarh Muslim University in India, and then at Oxford University in the United Kingdom.

After first being invited by the Congress Party, he opted for the Muslim League led by influential Mohammad Ali Jinnah who was advocating the eradication of the injustices and ill-treatment meted out to Indian Muslims by the British government. He pursued his role in the independence movements of India and Pakistan, while serving as the first Finance Minister in the interim government of British Indian Empire, prior to the independence and partition of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Liaquat Ali Khan assisted Jinnah in campaigning for the creation of a separate state for Indian Muslims.

Liaquat Ali Khan’s credentials secured him the appointment of Pakistan’s first Prime Minister, Ali Khan’s foreign policy sided with the United States and the West, though his foreign policy was determined to be a part of the Non Aligned Movement. Facing internal political unrest, his government survived a coup hatched by the leftists and communists. Nonetheless, his influence grew further after Jinnah’s death, and he was responsible for promulgating the Objectives Resolution. In 1951, at a political rally in Rawalpindi, Ali Khan was assassinated by a hired assassin, Said Babrak.

The Pakistani Objectives Resolution proclaimed the following principles:

  1. Sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to Allah Almighty alone and the authority which He has delegated to the state of Pakistan, through its people for being exercised within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust.
  2. This Constituent Assembly representing the people of Pakistan resolves to frame a constitution for the sovereign independent state of Pakistan.
  3. The state shall exercise its powers and authority through the chosen representatives of the people.
  4. The principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by Islam, shall be fully observed.
  5. The Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam as set out in the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
  6. Adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely progress and practice their religions and develop their cultures.
  7. Pakistan shall be a federation and its constituent units will be autonomous.
  8. Fundamental rights shall be guaranteed. They include equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality.
  9. Adequate provisions shall be made to safeguard the legitimate interests of minorities and backward and depressed classes.
  10. The independence of the judiciary shall be fully secured.
  11. The integrity of the territories of the federation, its independence and all its rights, including its sovereign rights on land, sea and air shall be safeguarded.
  12. The people of Pakistan may prosper and attain their rightful and honored place among the nations of the world and make their full contribution towards international peace and progress and happiness of humanity.


One can keep arguing the origins and ideologies Pakistan was supposed to be an embodiment of, but the objectives resolution still remains a resounding slap on the face of those who oppose and fail to understand the dynamism of the dream envisioned by Iqbal and turned into a reality by Jinnah.

Our founding fathers were clear about the direction they wanted us and the country to take, it is us who remain embroiled in petty squabbles lacking constructive measures and solutions to our glaring problem, It’s about time we stop spewing and spinning propagandist agendas and build from  the base provided to us in the for of the Objectives Resolution.


The writer tweets @Muhammad Ali Azlan



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